Alaska CDL Requirements

Official home page for the State of Alaska Department of Administration Division of Motor Vehicles.
And the Commercial Driver’s License Department.

Alaska CDL Classes and Endorsements

The State of Alaska offers commercial driver’s licenses in three categories: Class A, Class B and Class C. They are described further below:

  • Class A — Trucks and trailers, called “Combination Vehicles,” may operate a combination vehicle when the GCWR is 26,001 pounds or more and the GVWR of the towed unit is 10,001 pounds or more

  • Class B — Motor coaches, box trucks, dump trucks, called “Heavy Straight Vehicles,” may operate any vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more. A trailer may be towed if the GVWR of the trailer is 10,000 or less

  • Class C — Buses, called “Small Vehicles,” may operate any single motor vehicle with a GVWR of 26,000 pounds or less, or a vehicle designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver, or is placarded for hazardous materials

In addition to the license class, Alaska offers endorsements, including hazardous materials, tank vehicles, passenger, school bus, double-triple, and combinations of tank and hazardous materials. Go to Alaska’s CDL endorsements for a description of each endorsement.

Minimum Requirements for Getting a CDL in Alaska

The State of Alaska requires you to:

  • Be an Alaska resident at least 18 years old (within Alaska) or 21 years old to drive outside Alaska
  • Have held a driver’s license for at least a year
  • Apply for a Commercial Learner’s Permit (CLP). $15 fee.

Once you have acquired your commercial learner’s permit you have 180 days to schedule and complete your road skills test. To complete your CDL you must:

  • For at least 14 days, have a CLP matching the class & endorsement for your license
  • Practice driving with a qualified driver 
  • Schedule a road test 
  • Successfully complete a  road test with vehicle matching the class & endorsement of license you wish to obtain

The State of Alaska requires that you bring to the DMV the following documents:

  • Social Security Number
  • Current Alaska or Out -of-State Driver’s License
  • DOT Medical Card: When the driver is engaged in the type of operation which requires a CDL (Form 413)
  • FMCSA Vision/Diabetes Exemption Document (if applicable)
  • U.S. Citizenship or Legal Presence Documentation

Documents showing proof of legal presence can be:

  • a valid U.S. Passport or Passport Card
  • Original or certified copy of birth certificate bearing an official seal or stamp
  • Certificate of Naturalization (N -550,N-570 or N-578)
  • Certificate of U.S. Citizenship (N-560 or N-561)
  • Other legal presence documents
  • NOTE: Haz Mat drivers must be U.S. citizens or Lawful Permanent Residents.
  • CDL Legal Residence Flyer

Need to Transfer a CDL from Another State?

Drivers entering Alaska on a temporary basis or for seasonal work who have a valid CDL from another state do not need to acquire a State of Alaska CDL. Drivers, however, who wish to remain in Alaska must obtain an Alaskan CDL within 30 days of moving to Alaska, according to the following:

  • If your license from another state is current — To transfer a CDL from another State, you must follow the steps to apply for a CLP and CDL; However, some knowledge and road skills tests may be waived.
  • If your license from another state has expired — To transfer a CDL from another State, you must follow the steps to apply for a CLP and CDL. However, you may be required to re-take some tests as follows:
  • If your license expired more than one year ago you will be required to pass all knowledge tests
  • If your license expired more than five years ago you will be required to pass all knowledge and road skills tests

Are You a Veteran?

If you are a retired veteran, or a veteran of the armed forces discharged under honorable conditions, you are eligible for a veteran designation on your license or ID card. To receive the designation, you apply for a driver license or state ID card (form 478), and provide one of the following documents:

  • Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214 or DD Form 215);
  • Report of Separation and Record of Service, Departments of the Army and Air Force, National Guard Bureau (NGB22 or NGB22A);
  • A letter signed by the Veterans Department that identifies yourself as a retired veteran or veteran discharged under honorable conditions;
  • A valid military identification card that identifies yourself as a retired veteran or veteran discharged under honorable conditions.

In addition, the State of Alaska allows those who are a service member, currently licensed, and drove a military motor vehicle equivalent to a commercial motor vehicle within the last year, to apply for a CDL without taking a road skills test. You are still required to pass all knowledge tests. This waiver does not apply to school bus or passenger endorsements.

To receive the military road skills test waiver, applicants must:

  • Be 21 years old with a valid non-commercial driver license
  • Be a US citizen or non-US citizen with a valid permanent resident card
  • Have two years commercial driving experience upon discharge from the military
  • Have a minimum two years good driver record immediately preceding CDL application date
  • Have certification from your commanding officer with number of years of operating the vehicle and type of vehicle operated to determine appropriate CDL classification
  • Pass all knowledge tests

To apply for the military road test waiver complete the application for military skills test waiver (form 416).  Page two of form 416 should be filled out and signed by your commanding officer. Bring this form with you when you apply for your CDL, it will subsitute for the road skills test.

What is an Off-Highway Commercial Driver License (CDL)?

Unique to Alaska because of its remote, and often-times off-road driving conditions, the state offers a skills (road) test exemption for rural commercial drivers. If you are 19 years of age or older and have held a license for one year, you can apply for an Off-Highway Commercial Driver License . You are required to:

  • Pass the written test (contact a Proctor in your area)
  • Pass a vision test
  • Pay the fee
  • Provide original legal documents verifying date of birth, social security number and identity
  • Provide proof of residence in qualifying Alaskan rural community.
  • No skills (road) test is required endorsements other than School bus endorsement.

Off-Highway Commercial Driver Licenses are only valid in the State of Alaska and only in specific communities. More information can be found at the Rural Driving page.

Fees to acquire a CDL in Alaska

The Alaska DMV currently charges the following for CDLs and related services:

  • Commercial learner’s permit: $15.
  • CLP renewal: $5.
  • CDL road test: $25.
  • Commercial driver’s license: $100.
  • CDL renewal: $100.

In order to obtain a Alaska CDL there are a list of requirements that must be met, and getting your Alaska CDL involves several steps. There are medical requirements and residency requirements, along with knowledge and skills requirements. The basic requirements for getting your cdl in Alaska include:

  • You must be at least 18 years old to hold a Alaska CDL and drive a commercial vehicle within the state of Alaska.
  • You must be at least age 21 to drive a commercial motor vehicle across Alaska state lines, carry hazardous materials, or transport any passengers.
  • You must not have more than one driver’s license, and your driving privileges must not be suspended, revoked, canceled or disqualified in Alaska or any other state.
  • You must meet the medical requirements of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations.
  • You must pass a set of written exams to obtain your Alaska Commercial Learner’s Permit (CLP). You can study for these exams using our High Road CDL Training Program.
  • You must prove citizenship in the state of Alaska and have permission to work in the United States, showing legitimate personal identification which may include a Social Security Card, a Birth Certificate, or a Green Card
  • You must certify that you are not subject to any of the CDL disqualifications for drivers (listed below)
  • You must be able to speak and read the English language

Below we will list more general requirements, qualifications, disqualifications, and restrictions for getting a CDL in Alaska.

Who Is Required To Hold A Alaska CDL?

You will need a CDL to operate any of the following vehicles:

  • A single vehicle with a GVWR over 26,000 lbs.
  • A combination vehicle with a GVWR over 26,000 lbs, towing a unit over 10,000 lbs GVWR.
  • A passenger vehicle designed to carry 16 or more people, including the driver.
  • Any size vehicle requiring hazardous material (Hazmat) placards, or carrying a select agent or toxin listed in 42 CFR Part 73.

What Are The Different Classes Of CDL In Alaska?

  • Class A:

    Any combination of vehicles with a gross combined weight of 26,001 pounds or more, with trailer(s) weighing 10,000 pounds or more.

  • Class B:

    Any single vehicle having a gross weight of 26,001 pounds or more, or any such vehicle towing another weighing 10,000 pounds or less.

  • Class C:

    Any vehicle or combination of vehicles not meeting the definition of Class A or Class B, designed to transport 16 or more passengers (including the driver), or any vehicle required by federal regulations to be placarded to carry hazardous material:

  • Class D:

    Many states issue a “Class D” license, which is not part of the FMCSA standards. Some use it to classify regular, passenger car drivers licenses, while some use it to classify specific weights or types of vehicles. This varies from state-to-state.

Knowledge And Skills Test Requirements For Getting A CDL In Alaska

Each basic knowledge test covers the 20 general areas outlined in 49 CFR 383.111(a). The knowledge test shall contain at least 30 items. A separate test for drivers seeking to operate CMV’s with air brakes in Alaska must cover the 7 areas outlined in 49 CFR 383.111(b).

To pass the knowledge tests (general and endorsement); applicants must correctly answer at least 80 percent of the questions.

To pass the Alaska CDL skills test, applicants must successfully perform all the required skills (listed in 49 CFR 383.113 through 49 CFR 383.123). The skills test must be taken in a vehicle representative of the type of vehicle that the applicant operates or expects to operate.

Federal standards require the state of Alaska to issue CDLs to certain commercial motor vehicle drivers only after the driver passes the knowledge and skills tests administered by the State. The vehicle you take the CDL test in must also relate to the type of vehicle the driver expects to operate.

Restrictions are placed on a Alaska CDL when a driver takes the Skills Test in a vehicle which lacks critical equipment present in particular types of CMVs. Therefore, to avoid restrictions, drivers should take the Skills Test in the same type of vehicle for which they are seeking a Alaska CDL to operate.

Drivers are required to obtain and hold a CDL in Alaska if they operate in interstate, intrastate, or foreign commerce and drive a vehicle that meets one or more of the classifications of a CMV are also described below.

Military Skills Test Waiver Program

The state of Alaska has the authority to substitute two years of experience safely operating trucks or buses equivalent to civilian commercial vehicles for the skills test portion of the Alaska commercial driver license (CDL) test. U.S. Military drivers must apply within one year of leaving a military position requiring operation of a commercial vehicle. The latest information (February 2017) indicates that more than 19,000 current and former military have taken advantage of the Skills Test Waiver, making them immediately eligible for employment.

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulation 49 CFR 383.77, requires the applicant to certify to an SDLA:

  • His/her safe driving experience;
  • That he or she has not held more than one license (except a U.S. Military driver’s license) in the past two years;
  • Has not had his/her Alaska driver license suspended, revoked or cancelled; and,
  • Has not had convictions in any type of motor vehicle for the disqualifying CDL offenses listed elsewhere in the regulations.

Medical Requirements For Obtaining A Alaska CDL License

All commercial drivers of vehicles in interstate commerce with a maximum gross vehicle weight rating of over 10,000 pounds are required to obtain and maintain a valid Medical Examiner’s Certificate (ME Certificate). CDL holders in Alaska must provide their SDLA with a copy of their ME Certificate.

Self Certification

All Alaska CDL holders must declare to their State Driver Licensing Agency (SDLA) that they only operate or expect to operate commercially in 1 of 4 possible categories with their CDL. This process is called self-certification. The four categories are:

  • Interstate non-excepted:You are an Interstate non-excepted driver and must meet the Federal DOT medical card requirements (e.g. – you are “not excepted”).
  • Interstate excepted:You are an Interstate excepted driver and do not have to meet the Federal DOT medical card requirements.
  • Intrastate non-excepted:You are an Intrastate non-excepted driver and are required to meet the medical requirements for the state of Alaska.
  • Intrastate excepted:You are an Intrastate excepted driver and do not have to meet the medical requirements for the state of Alaska.

Hearing Requirements

A person is physically qualified to drive a CMV if that person: First perceives a forced whispered voice in the better ear at not less than five feet with or without the use of a hearing aid or if tested by use of an audiometric device, does not have an average hearing loss in the better ear greater than 40 decibels at 500Hz, 1000HZ and 2,000 Hz with or without a hearing aid when the audiometric device is calibrated to the American National Standard Z24.5-1951.

Vision Requirements

You must meet the following vision requirements:

  • A distant visual acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with corrective lenses;
  • A distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in both eyes with or without corrective lenses;
  • A field of vision of at least 70 degrees in the horizontal Meridian in each eye;
  • The ability to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard red, green, and amber.

Blood Pressure Requirements

  1. Your blood pressure needs to be under 140/90.
  2. Stage 1 hypertension, blood pressure between 140/90 – 159/99: 1-year medical certificate, must be renewed every 12 months.
  3. Stage 2 hypertension, blood pressure between 160/100 – 179/109: 3 month medical certification. Full disqualification if not under control after 3 months, until controlled. Will be required to renew every 12 months.
  4. Stage 3 hypertension, blood pressure at or over 180/110: Automatic disqualification, 6 month certification once blood pressure is under control, must be renewed every 6 months.
  5. Blood pressure can be controlled with or without medication.

Urinalysis Testing

Your urine sample will be tested in a lab for blood, sugar, and protein, which might indicate hidden health problems.

Physical Impairments

Drivers with physical impairments, which affect their ability to safely operate CMVs, must obtain a “variance” from the state of Alaska in order to be approved to drive commercially. The variance document must be carried with the commercial driver whenever they are operating a commercial motor vehicle. A Skill Performance Evaluation (SPE) is a special type of “variance” required for drivers with impaired or missing limbs (e.g., a hand or finger, an arm, foot, or leg). Drivers with missing limbs, if eligible, must obtain an SPE certificate. The commercial driver must always carry the SPE certificate at all times.

About The Skill Performance Evaluation (SPE) Program

The Skill Performance Evaluation program is for CMV drivers who drive in interstate commerce. The SPE certification allows drivers with missing or impaired limbs to drive CMVs across state lines if they have been fitted with (and are wearing) the right prosthetic device, and the driver can demonstrate the ability to drive the truck safely by completing on-and off-road activities. If the driver passes the Alaska commercial vehicle driving test, he or she will receive a SPE certificate. Over the years, FMCSA has granted more than 3,000 SPE certificates to truck drivers who have shown that they can drive safely on the nation’s highways.

Implied Consent to Alcohol Testing

Any person who holds a Alaska CDL is considered to have consented to such testing as is required by the state of Alaska or any State or jurisdiction in the enforcement of being under the influence of a controlled substance or using alcohol, be under the influence of alcohol, or have any measured alcohol concentration or detected presence of alcohol, while on duty, or operating, or in physical control of a commercial motor vehicle. Consent is implied by driving a commercial motor vehicle.

Prescription Drugs

Although the driver has a legal prescription, he/she may be disqualified if the medication could adversely affect the driver’s ability to drive a CMV safely.

Who Is Exempt From Getting A Alaska CDL?

FMCSA regulations specifically exempt only military personnel with comparable safe-driving experience from getting CDL’s. States are authorized to provide exemptions for the rest of the following at their own discretion:

Alaska Military Vehicle Operators:

The state of Alaska must exempt individuals who operate vehicles for military purposes from the requirements for CDL drivers. This exemption includes active military, reserves and members of the National Guard. This exception does not apply to U.S. Reserve technicians.

Service members who are or were employed within the past year (12 months) in a military position requiring the operation of a military motor vehicle equivalent to a Commercial Motor Vehicle (CMV) and who want to drive CMV’s in civilian life can apply for a Skills Test Waiver to get their CDL.

See Also: Military Skills Test Waiver

Alaska Farm Equipment Operators:

Covering actual farm-to-market operations, not commercial grain haulers. Drivers must be 21 years old, and vehicle must have farm plates. Farm workers are not required to have a CDL to operate vehicles:

    • Controlled and operated by a farmer, a member of his family, or an employee.
    • Used to transport farm products, equipment or supplies to or from a farm.
    • Used within 150 air miles of the farm.
    • Used in a nursery or agricultural operations.
    • Not used in the operations of a contract motor carrier.
    • Alaska Firefighting Equipment Operators:

      Those who operate CMV’s necessary to preserving life or property, or performing emergency governmental functions, have signals that can be seen and heard, and are not subject to normal traffic laws. These include fire trucks, foam or water transport trucks, police SWAT team vehicles, ambulances and any other emergency vehicles.

      Alaska Recreational Vehicle Operators:

      Drivers operating recreational vehicles (RV’s) for their own non-commercial use can be exempted from CDL requirements.

      Alaska Township or Government Workers Exemptions:

      Many states will have specific CDL exemptions that apply to workers in smaller towns or to state and local government employees in general. You will have to check with your specific state regulations.

    • Alaska CDL Disqualifications

      The FMCSA regulations specify certain circumstances that will disqualify a driver from legally operating a CMV, temporarily or permanently.

      Issues resulting in disqualification apply only to CDL or CLP holders, or those required to have a CLP or CDL in the vehicle they are operating. Tickets, DUI or DWI, and other legal issues that happened before a driver was issued a CDL or CLP, or to non-CDL or CLP holders, who were not required to have one, will affect drivers only as far as company policy, with the exception of getting the Hazmat endorsement.

      See Also: TSA Disqualifying Offenses & Factors

      In extreme cases, the FMCSA may disqualify drivers deemed to be an “imminent hazard”, and remove them from the road.

      See Also: Disqualification of drivers determined to constitute an imminent hazard.

      Some circumstances will result in a lifetime disqualification from operating CMV’s, with some being eligible for reinstatement after 10 years. A driver who uses a CMV in the commission of a felony involving manufacturing, distributing, or dispensing a controlled substance is disqualified for life with no possibility of reinstatement.

      Disqualification For Major Offenses

      • Being under the influence of alcohol as prescribed by State law.
      • Being under the influence of a controlled substance.
      • Having an alcohol concentration of 0.04 or greater while operating a CMV.
      • Refusing to take an alcohol test as required by a State or jurisdiction under its implied consent laws or regulations
      • Leaving the scene of an accident.
      • Using the vehicle to commit a felony, other than felony involving manufacturing, distributing, or dispensing a controlled substance.

      CDL Driver Disqualification For Serious Traffic Violations:

      • Speeding excessively, involving any speed of 15 mph or more above the regulated or posted speed limit.
      • Driving recklessly, as defined by State or local law or regulation.
      • Making improper or erratic traffic lane changes.
      • Following the vehicle ahead too closely.
      • Violating State or local law relating to motor vehicle traffic control.

      CDL Driver Disqualification For Railroad-Highway Grade Crossing Offenses:

      • The driver is not required to always stop, but fails to slow down and check that tracks are clear of an approaching train.
      • The driver is not required to always stop, but fails to stop before reaching the crossing, if the tracks are not clear.
      • The driver is always required to stop, but fails to stop before driving onto the crossing.
      • The driver fails to have sufficient space to drive completely through the crossing without stopping.
      • The driver fails to obey a traffic control device or the directions of an enforcement official at the crossing.
      • The driver fails to negotiate a crossing because of insufficient undercarriage clearance.

      CDL Driver Disqualification For Violations Of Out-Of-Service Orders:

      An out-of-service order stipulates that a CDL or CLP holder not drive a commercial vehicle for a certain period of time, or until such time as they are re-instated to service.

      In addition to disqualification, drivers who violate out-of-service orders will be fined a civil penalty of at least $2,500 for the first offense, and $5,000 for any additional offenses.

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